5 Forms of Pain and Their SymptomsChristina Walker, Chief Science Researcher
Pain may be suffered in almost every part of the body, whether you’re presumably healthy or not. Pain can arise from many causes, including injuries, overuse, disease, wear and tear, or environmental exposure. In other cases, pain may have no clear cause. Here are five examples of painful conditions and their causes:
Migraine headaches are thought to be caused by overstimulation of the trigeminal nerve. This important nerve is responsible for sensation in the face and head and is one of the major pain pathways. The overstimulation of the trigeminal nerve causes a release of neurotransmitters in the brain which, in turn, cause blood vessels in the brain lining to expand. This triggers a further release of neurotransmitters that cause inflammation and pain. The primary symptom of migraine headaches is a severe throbbing or pulsing pain in the head.
The pain is often located on one side of the head and may extend to the face. Migraine sufferers may also become sensitive to light and sound and experience nausea and blurred vision. Migraines may be triggered by:
- Caffeine or caffeine withdrawal
- Sudden changes in weather or environment
- Certain foods
- Disruptions to sleep
- Hormonal changes
- Or even something simple like skipping meals
There are no cures for migraine headaches, so treatment is often directed at relieving the pain associated with migraine and avoiding migraine headache triggers.
Joint pain can be caused by a variety of conditions, including arthritis, injury, autoimmune disorders, and inflammation in the joint. Symptoms include reduced range of motion in the joint, pain after using the joint, chronic or recurring pain, swelling, and redness. Joint pain can often be relieved by rest. Additionally, some people find that a joint pain relief cream or other pain relieving cream can help relieve some of their symptoms.
Muscle pain can result from similar issues as the aforementioned factors, including tension, stress, disease, or infection. Among the diseases that may cause muscle pain and soreness are autoimmune diseases, like lupus and fibromyalgia, viruses, and tick-borne illnesses, like Rocky Mountain spotted fever. Symptoms include weakness in the muscle, aches and pains, swelling, and redness. While some of the underlying causes of muscle pain may be treated to relieve the muscle pain, other causes of muscle pain may be either untreatable or unknown. In these cases, muscle pain may be mitigated with the help of pain relieving cream or other forms of topical pain relief.
Eczema is a skin condition that results from exposure of the skin to irritants, allergens, and cold, dry air. Eczema may also flare up in response to stress. The symptoms include dry, itchy skin, red patches of skin that may include small red bumps that may leak fluid when scratched, and scaly, thickened, or cracked skin.
Symptoms can worsen if the patches are scratched. When scratched, eczema may result in raw, swollen, or painful skin. This condition affects an estimated 31.6 million Americans, which is roughly 10% of the population. Eczema has no known cure, other than avoidance of conditions that trigger flare ups and treatment of the symptoms. For example, some people find eczema itch relief cream reduces their symptoms.
Back pain can be caused by many conditions, including back injury, muscle or ligament strain, bulging or ruptured disks, scoliosis, arthritis, and osteoporosis. Back pain can be acute (lasting fewer than 6 weeks) or chronic (lasting more than 3 months). Back pain may occur in the lower back, middle back, or upper back, and may be accompanied by muscle aches and pain that radiates down the leg. Back pain may be worsened by walking or lifting and may be relieved by lying down. Back pain may be treated with rest and treatment of the underlying cause of the back pain. In some cases, the underlying cause may not be treatable or may be unknown. In those cases, back pain may be treated by relieving the pain through the use of back pain relief cream or other pain relieving cream.
In sum, pain may come in many forms, including migraine headache, back pain, joint pain, muscle pain, or painful skin. In many cases, the pain can be reduced or relieved by addressing the underlying cause of the pain and through the use of pain relieving cream.